The human eye perceives similar elements in a contract (design) as a complete picture, shape, or group, even if those elements are separated. Human eyes are good at filling in "gaps" or connecting "dots." It happens naturally. Similarity principle can vary from element to element, such as colors, shapes and size.
Laws of Similarity and Legal Design
When you design your contract by applying legal design principles, you should ensure that these 'gestalt' principles are practical. You should be aware that people are seizing colors, shapes, and sizes similar in a group if they behave similarly.
What do we mean by that? Let's look at an example below;
You must have immediately realized that something is wrong here. Any design that looks out of the ordinary is generally, but not always, lacking in design. Because they do not appeal to the user, the "cancel" button should usually be red on the far left or elsewhere. Because canceling something is an action that requires negative effort, they are decisive to avoid irreversible mistakes.
If elements have the same shape, we might think they are identical and miss important details such as labels, small text inside the shape, or slight differences in their form.
Think about creating a leasing contract. To highlight essential items or information, you can use a rectangular box.
When reading these clauses, the contracting parties will automatically perceive that the clauses in the rectangular box are essential after a certain period of time.
So what can go wrong?
If you violate the "Law of Similarity" and leave the most critical clauses in the contract inside the rectangular box without indicating that they are essential, you can be sure that the contracting parties will most likely skip reading that clause.
Size can also be a way to indicate a relationship between objects. Objects of similar size are often perceived as being related and having similar levels of importance.
If items with a standard size are of a different size elsewhere, or if they are irregular, this may cause users to hesitate.
In order to ensure a smooth legal design process for both tangible and digital contracts like cookie policies and privacy policies, it's crucial to correctly and effectively apply legal design principles. The law of Similarity is one of the Gestalt principles that is one of the most significant design rules that annoy users when not implemented properly.